Metals in reindeer

Updated 2017-10-12

National Environmental Monitoring Programme in Sweden. The objective of the project is to follow time trends of available metals in vegetation and reindeer (Rangifer tarandus) in Lapland, Sweden. Analysed metals in liver and muscle samples are: Al, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Mg, Mn, Ni,Hg, Pb, Zn. Analyses were performed on a continuous basis until 2005. Since then there has only been a collection of samples to be stored in the Environmental Specimen Bank (ESB) at the Swedish Museum of Natural History (NRM).

This is a National Implementation Plan (NIP) project
Comments and additional information:

Occasionally analyses are also done concerning levels of DDT, PCB and Pesticides. Reindeer samples are gathered once per year in connection with sluaghter. The samples are stored in the Environmental Specimen Bank at the Swedish museum of Natural History. The program is part of SEPA:s program for monitoring in the mountains. During 2007 a screening of organic compounds was carried out on samples saved in the Environmental Specimen Bank between 1987-2006. Reindeer muscle samples from Abisko were investigated. Chlorobensene, HCBD, PCB, DDT, HCH, PBDE, dioxins, furans, endosulphan, heptachlor, pentachlorfenol and PAH were analysed to determine amounts and concentrations. Since 2013 samples are collected from two areas: northern and southern Lappland.

Time frame

Project time span
1983 - 2099
Data collection
1983 - 2017
Data processing
1983 - 2017
Data reporting
1983 - 2005

Contact information

Contact person
Anders Bignert

Museum of Natural History (NRM) The Department of Contaminant Research and The Environmental Specimen Bank, Box 50007 104 05 Stockholm Sweden

+468 5195 4115
Other project contacts

Eva Brorström-Lundén, Swedish Environmental Research Institute (IVL) Box 53021, 400 14 Göteborg, Sweden Phone: +4631-725 62 30, E-mail: 

Ylva Lind NRM, Environmental Specimen Bank (ESB) Phone:+468 5195 4113, E-mail:

Anna Hellström, Swedish Environmental Protection Agency S-106 48 Stockholm Sweden, Phone: +46106981139, E-mail:

Tove Lundeberg (AMAP representative) Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, Phone: +46106981611, E-mail:

Parameters and Media

Parameter groups measured/observed/modelled
Heavy metals
Other metals/elements
Persistent organic pollutants (POPs)
Media sampled/studied/modelled
Terrestrial mammals
Additional information or further specification of types of data / information collected, species / tissues / organs sampled, etc.

Al, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mg, Mn, Mo, Ni, Pb, Zn and Hg in reindeer, Rangifer tarandus, liver, muscle; chlorobensene, HCBD, PCB, DDT, HCH, PBDE, dioxins, furans, endosulphan, heptachlor, pentachlorfenol, PAH


Regions studied
Persistent organic pollutants (POPs)
Persistent organic pollutants (POPs)
Persistent organic pollutants (POPs)
Persistent organic pollutants (POPs)
Persistent organic pollutants (POPs)
Persistent organic pollutants (POPs)

Data availability

Are data archived or planned to be archived at an AMAP Thematic Data Centre?
If no (or only part of data are reported to a TDC), where and how are (other) data stored?

Data and data format describing are available (in Swedish) on the Swedish Environmental Research Institute (IVL) website ( until the beginning of 2018, and then at the Geological Survey of Sweden (SGU) website: (, Contact also:

References to key publications (or planned publications) and data reports

Time trends of metals in liver and muscle of reindeer (Rangifer tarandus) from northern and central Lappland, Sweden 1983-2005. Swedish Museum of Natural History - Contaminant Research Group, 2006. Reports are available on NRM website ( and on Swedish EPA DiVA portal: (

Samples/specimens archived in specimen banks?
Specimen banking information

Informations about specimen banking are on NRM ESB website: (

For more information contact:

Methods & Procedures

Procedures and methodology used for, e.g., sampling and sample storage, sample pretreatment, extraction and analysis, including which laboratories are involved, references to methods employed, etc.

Procedures and methodology are available on Swedish EPA website (in Swedish):(

Additional Information

Is this a bi- AND multi-lateral project (i.e. a project involving cooperation between different countries)?
Other institutes involved in the project

Swedish Environmental Research Institute (IVL), Swedish EPA, NRM, SGU

Is this project reporting to other organizations/programmes?

Swedish EPA

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