Measurements of gamma-radiation in the environment

Updated 2017-10-20

Measurements of gamma-radiation in the environment (from ground to cosmos). Radioactivity in Intensive Net is measured on the soil surface at 28 sites in Sweden. The measurements are continuous and sound the alarm if radioactivity increases. Measured is the dose rate of gamma radiation. Radioactivity in Extensive Net is concerned all municipalities in Sweden which has got one instrument for gamma radiation measurement and each county board has got two. Every seventh month they measure radioactivity at two to four predefined spots as reference measurement. Radioactivity in Air is conducted at five stations with air filter sampling and analysis of radioactivity maintained by Swedish Defence Research Agency (FOI). Out of these stations Umeå and Kiruna are located in northern Sweden.

This is a National Implementation Plan (NIP) project
Comments and additional information:

A monitoring programme has concerning radiation issues which have existed since the late 1950's. Monitoring is currently performed continuously on radioactive substances in outdoor air and of ambient gamma dose rates outdoors. Regular measurements every year are performed on radioactive substances in currently sub-programmes including radionuclide in the air particles, radioactive substances in surface and drinking water, sediments of sea and biota. The local environmental monitoring including activities related to nuclear safety as well as data mapping in soil and crops. The programme considers both naturally and artificially occurring radioactive substances, with an emphasis on the latter.

Time frame

Project time span
1957 - 2099
Data collection
1957 - 2017
Data processing
1957 - 2017
Data reporting
1957 - 2017

Contact information

Contact person
Pål Andersson

Swedish Radiation Safety Authority (SSM) 171 16 Stockholm Sweden

Other project contacts

Tove Lundeberg (AMAP representative) Swedish Environmental Protection Agency S-106 48 Stockholm, Sweden, Phone: +46106981611, E-mail: 

Parameters and Media

Parameter groups measured/observed/modelled
Media sampled/studied/modelled
Additional information or further specification of types of data / information collected, species / tissues / organs sampled, etc.

137-Cs, 90-Sr, gamma radiation, radioactivity in air.


Regions studied
Stations or areas where observations are made

28 stations in Sweden. Radioactivity in air is measured at two stations in the AMAP area: Umeå(63°49′32″N) and Kiruna (67°51′18″N). Radioactivity in the soil surface is measured at 16 stations, of which 9 stations are within the AMAP area: Pajala (67°11N), Tjåmotis (66°56′N), Katterjåk (68°25′N), Övertorneå (66°23′N), Hemavan (65°49′N ), Älvsbyn (65°41′N), Skellefteå (64°45′N).

Data availability

Are data archived or planned to be archived at an AMAP Thematic Data Centre?
If no (or only part of data are reported to a TDC), where and how are (other) data stored?

Swedish Radiation Safety Authority (SSM) 171 16 Stockholm, Sweden The reporting and data are available on the SSM website, in Swedish:

References to key publications (or planned publications) and data reports

The reports are available in Swedish on the SSM website: See also previous reports: Report no 2003:17. Environmental Monitoring according to the Euroatom treaty of the environmental radioactivity in Sweden, 1997 to 2001.from SSI (Swedish Radiation Protection Authority).

Samples/specimens archived in specimen banks?

Methods & Procedures

Not specified

Additional Information

Is this a bi- AND multi-lateral project (i.e. a project involving cooperation between different countries)?
Please log in to edit this record