Determination of stratospheric aerosols by balloon borne sensors

Updated 2002-01-02

Stratospheric aerosols like Polar Stratospheric Clouds (PSCs) or volcanic aerosols are investigated by different types of balloon borne sensors in co-operation with the University of Nagoya, Japan, and the University of Wisconsin, Laramie, Wisconsin. The sensors flown are dedicated optilca particle counters (OPC) or backscatter sondes (BKS), respectively.

Comments and additional information:

Optical particle counter sonde (OPC): The balloon-borne aerosol sonde based on an optical particle counter (OPC) was developed at the University of Nagoya, Japan. Air sampled by a pump is analysed by light from a laser diode. Retrieved spectra allow to determine aerosol size distributions and other properties of aerosols. Pressure, temperature and humidity from a VAISALA radio sonde are transferred by telemetry to the AWI receiver station together with the aerosol data, allowing to retrieve the altitude profiles. Backscattersondes (BKS): The backscatter sonde from the University of Wyoming is a well proven balloon borne aerosol sounding instrument operating with two channels ("blue" 480nm and "red" 940nm). Light emitted from a xenon flashlamp is backscattered by atmospheric aerosols and recorded by two photomultiplier devices. A standard meteorological package giving atmospheric pressure and temperature allows to calculate the altitude of the balloon. The measurements allow to characterise polar stratospheric clouds (PSCs) and volcanic aerosols.

Time frame

Project time span
1996 - 2005
Data collection
1996 - 2005
Data processing
not specified
Data reporting
not specified

Contact information

Contact person
Roland Neuber
Alfred Wegener Institute, Foundation for Polar and Marine Research, Research Unit Potsdam Telegrafenberg A43 D-14473 Potsdam Germany
+49 331 288 2129
+49 331 288 2178

Parameters and Media

Parameter groups measured/observed/modelled
Climate change effects
Media sampled/studied/modelled


Regions studied
Climate change effects
Climate change effects

Data availability

Samples/specimens archived in specimen banks?

Methods & Procedures

Not specified

Additional Information

Is this a bi- AND multi-lateral project (i.e. a project involving cooperation between different countries)?
Other institutes involved in the project

University of Wisconsin, Laramie, Wisconsin University of Nagoya, Nagoya, Japan

Please log in to edit this record