Svalbard: projects/activities

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Directory entires that have specified Svalbard as one of the geographic regions for the project/activity and are included in the AMAP, ENVINET, SAON and SEARCH directories. Note that the list of regions is not hierarchical, and there is no relation between regions (e.g. a record tagged with Nunavut may not be tagged with Canada). To see the full list of regions, see the regions list. To browse the catalog based on the originating country (leady party), see the list of countries.

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Displaying: 81 - 100 of 154 Next
81. Monitoring of arctic foxes (Alopex lagopus) in the Kongsfjord area

To evaluate temporal variation in arctic fox numbers and their food resourses in the Kongsfjorden area. The number of foxes captured per 100 trap-days are used as an index of fox density termed "Fox Capture Index". The observations of denning activity i.e. observation of number of arctic fox litters and litter size at den are termed "Fox Den Index" as a second index of fox abundance. A third index is termed "Fox Observation Index". This index is based on both observations of adult foxes seen away from breeding dens pr 100 h field work and reports on request from scientists and local people on observations of adult foxes during summer. In addition, reports on observation of fox tracks in the study area were collected in 1990-2001 as a fourth index, which were called "Fox Track Index". The field census are conducted for 10 days starting at the end of June. All dead foxes in the area should be collected.

Biology Climate Terrestrial mammals Arctic Reproduction Ecosystems
82. The surface energy budget and its inpact on superimposed ice formation

The main focus of our project is to study the onset of summer melt conditions in terms of the surface energy budget over fast ice and ints impact on the formation of superimposed ice.

Ice sheets
83. Padioecology in the Kongsfjord aera, Svalbard

The determination of radionuclide levels, their temporal and spatial variations and investigations concerning Arctic-specfic processes providing insight into radionuclide behaviour in the extreme environments and long-range transport of contaminants to Svalbard.

Radionuclides
84. Surveillance of seabirds, west Spitsbergen

Surveillance of sea birds, west Spitsbergen

Seabirds
85. Effects of POPs on the immune system in the glaucous gulls

Effects of POPs on the immune system in the glaucous gulls

Biological effects Persistent organic pollutants (POPs)
86. Incubation behavior and energetic strategy of femal Common Eider

The aim of this programme will be to study the mechanisms of the regulation of the body fuel utilizon and energy expenditure during fasting

Biology
87. Energy Allocation

Energy allocation

Biology
88. Svalbard reindeer monitoring, Brøggerhalvøya

The objective is to monitor the Svalbard reindeer population at Brøggerhalvøya.

Reindeer
89. NORPAST

Estimate the vertical distribution of glacierice along the west coast of Svalbard during the last iceage.

Glaciers Ice
90. Metabolic and hormonal correlates of reproductive effort in the kittiwake

Parental effort, the extra energy expenditure above maintenance levels devoted to the care of affspring, has been postulated to incur a fitness cost.

Ecology Biology Physiology
91. Arctic Coastal Dynamics

Part of the international project Arctic Costal Dynamics (ACD) were Department of Physical Geography, University of Oslo participates. The working group consists of Trond Eiken (UoO), Bjørn Wangensteen (UoO) and Rune Ødegård (Gjøvik University College). The aim of this part of the ACD-project is to quantify coastal cliff erosion by the use of terrestrial photogrammetry.

Geology Long trend coastal cliff erosion monitoring Arctic GIS Permafrost Temporal trends
92. Biomarkers for organic pollution components

Biomarkers for orgaic pollution components

Biological effects Pollution sources
93. Dayside Aurora

Monitoring solar wind-magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling processes from the aurora.

Atmospheric processes Atmosphere Aurora. Space Physics.
94. ESPRI

The objectives of this project is to study the effect of environmental stochasticity on the Svalbard reindeer population dynamics, nad further evaluate how this may affect reindeer-plant interactions.

Biological effects Biology Populations Climate variability Climate Climate change Terrestrial mammals Arctic Reindeer Temporal trends Ecosystems
95. Mass balance in Ny-Ålesund

Mass balance measurements with use of snow-radar on glaciers and snow i the Ny-Ålesund area.

Glaciers Climate change
96. Polar Hydrolgy

Polar Hydrology

Hydrology
97. Ice thickness in Kongsfjorden

Study of the energy exchange between atmosphere and ice sheets by means of measurment of solar radiation

UV radiation Climate change Ice sheets Atmosphere
98. US Norway Coopeartive Experiment

Measurements of the changes when growing ice is depositing salt into the fjord.

Sea ice
99. ASTAR 2000

ASTAR, Arctic Study of Tropospheric Aerosol and Radiation is a a joint German (AWI Potsdam) - Japanese (NIPR Tokyo) campaign with participation from NASA LaRC Hampton, VA (USA). In addition to AWI, NIPR, and NASA LaRC the following institutions contributed to the project: Hokkaido University (Japan), Nagoya University (Japan), Norwegian Polar Institute Tromsoe/ Longyearbyen (Norway), NILU Kjeller (Norway), MISU Stockholm (Sweden), NOAA-CMDL Boulder, CO (USA) and Max Planck Institute for Aeronomy Katlenburg-Lindau (Germany). The campaign is based on simultaneous airborne measurements from the German research aircraft POLAR 4 and ground-based measurements in Ny-Ålesund. The main goals of the project are - to measure aerosol parameters of climate relevance, like extinction coefficient, absoprtion coefficients and phase function. - to create an Arctic Aerosol Data Set for climate impact investigation by using the regional climate model HIRHAM. - to carry out comparison measurements with the SAGE II (Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment) and the ground based Raman-Lidar.

Radiation Atmospheric processes Phase function Absoprtion coefficients HIRAM Climate variability Climate Climate change Aerosol Arctic Raman-Lidar Atmosphere Extinction coefficient SAGE II
100. SOLVE: SAGE III Ozone Loss and Validation Experiment

In preparation to the launch of the SAGE III experiment in March 2001, NASA and the European Union performed the SOLVE / THESEO-2000 campaign, which had three components: (i) an aircraft campaign using the NASA DC-8 and ER-2 airplanes out of Kiruna/Sweden, (ii) launches of large stratospheric research balloons from Kiruna, (iii) validation excercises for the commissioning phase of SAGE III. The German Arctic research station Koldewey in Ny-Ålesund/Spitsbergen contributes to (i), (ii), and (iii) by performing measurements of stratospheric components like ozone, trace gases, aerosols (PSCs), temperature and winds. The measurement results were transmitted quasi online to the flight planning center in Kiruna, in order to allow a better directing of the air plane flights. In addition the Koldewey-Station has been designated a validation anchor site for the SAGE III validation. The activities are organized within a NASA accepted proposal of ground-based validation support by the NDSC Primary Station at Ny-Ålesund, Spitsbergen and by a SAGE III validation working group for Ny-Ålesund. The main observation periods are from December 1999 to March 2000.

Atmospheric processes Ozone UV radiation trace gases Climate variability Climate SAGE III Climate change aerosol THESEO-2000 PSCs Atmosphere satellite validation