Sociodemographic factors influencing nutrition and contaminant exposure in Nunavik

Updated 2000-07-18

Risk determination for traditional food should consider the potential risks from exposure to contaminants and the sociocultural, nutritional, economic and spiritual benefits associated with traditional food. Factors which influence Inuit food choices should be further analyzed to add precision to the evaluation of risks and benefits of traditional food consumption. The data of the Nutrition Santé Québec Survey are a potential source for this type of analysis since data are available and are representative of the entire region of Nunavik. The proposed work consists of more detailed analysis of the existing data on food intake among the Inuit of Nunavik collected in 1992 during the Santé Québec Health Survey and to extend our analyses to contaminant intakes. Intakes (mean and median) of traditional and market foods, nutrients and contaminants will be calculated according to the makeup/structure of households, the level of education, the level of household income and coastal place of residence. Intakes will also calculated according to the social assistance status of Inuit. Among Inuit depending on social assistance, comparisons of food, nutrient and contaminant intakes according to the time of the month in which the survey took place will be examined. Statistical comparisons of food intakes will also be done between Inuit who stated having lacked food in the month prior to the survey and those who did not. Nutrient intakes will be compared with daily recommended nutrient intakes (RNI) based on nutritional recommendations issued by Health Canada. More detailed and reliable information regarding sociodemographic factors affecting food intake, nutritional status and contaminant exposure among Inuit will help to orient public health authorities in the promotion of health through traditional food consumption.

This is not a National Implementation Plan (NIP) project
Comments and additional information:

Project category: diet

Time frame

Status
Ongoing
Project time span
2000 - 2001
Data collection
not specified
Data processing
2000 - 2001
Data reporting
2001 -

Contact information

Contact person
Eric Dewailly
Address
Public Health Research Unit, CHUL - CHUQ Research, 2400 rue d'Estimauville, Beauport, Qc, G1E 7G9 Canada
Phone
+1 418 666-7000, ext. 222
Fax
+1 418 666-2776
Email
ac.cq.qpsc@ylliawede
Other project contacts
Carole Blanchet, M. Sc., Suzanne Bruneau, M.Sc., Christopher Furgal, Ph.D., Suzanne Gingras, M. Sc., Public Health Research Unit, Laval University Medical Research Centre, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Québec (CHUQ)

Parameters and Media

Parameter groups measured/observed/modelled
Biological effects
Heavy metals
Persistent organic pollutants (POPs)
Media sampled/studied/modelled
Human media

Geography

Regions studied
Canada
Canada, Nunavik

Data availability

Are data archived or planned to be archived at an AMAP Thematic Data Centre?
no
Samples/specimens archived in specimen banks?
No

Methods & Procedures

Procedures and methodology used for, e.g., sampling and sample storage, sample pretreatment, extraction and analysis, including which laboratories are involved, references to methods employed, etc.

Food contaminant data will be drawn from database elaborated in 1994-1996 for the project entitled “ Health risk assessment and elaboration of public health advices concerning contaminants in Nunavik ” and supported by NCP [6]. Data on the following contaminants will be included in the analyses: lead, mercury, p,p'-DDE and PCB as expressed as Aroclor1254 :1260 (1 :1). We will also use data obtained from four questionnaires of the Santé Québec survey. First, the identification chart will provide the sociodemographic information on all members of an individual household. We will use the household questionnaire which covered lifestyle habits such as diet, chronic or transient health problems, utilization of health services etc. Food consumption data will be obtained using the 24-hour dietary recall and the food frequency questionnaires administered during the Santé Québec survey. Combining the 24-hour recall and the food frequency questionnaires will provide a better picture of regular food intake.

Additional Information

Is this a bi- AND multi-lateral project (i.e. a project involving cooperation between different countries)?
No
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