Restoration of the salmon stock in the Tuloma river system

Updated 2013-02-02

The possibility of restoring the salmon stocks in the Tuloma system is assessed by collecting background information on the river system: present fish fauna, habitat quality, migratory routes etc. Planning the restoration including technical and management aspects is under way.

This is not a National Implementation Plan (NIP) project

Time frame

Project time span
1988 -
Data collection
1988 -
Data processing
1988 -
Data reporting
1988 -

Contact information

Contact person
Jaakko Erkinaro
Finnish Game and Fisheries Research Institute, Paavo Havaksen tie 3 PL 413 90014 Oulu
+358 205 751 871
+358 204 751 879

Parameters and Media

Parameter groups measured/observed/modelled
Biological effects
Media sampled/studied/modelled
Freshwater benthos
Freshwater fish
Additional information or further specification of types of data / information collected, species / tissues / organs sampled, etc.

Data on juvenile salmon + other fish species abundance in fluvial habitats Samples of fish communities in lacustrine habitats Size, age structure, sex ratio, origin of the adult salmon (scale samples), fecundity, genetic data + other biological characteristics Samples on fluvial zoobenthos, feeding of juvenile salmon Habitat mapping, classification of the rivers


Regions studied
Arctic Ocean
Barents Sea
Kola Peninsula
Russia, Northwest
Stations or areas where observations are made

Several river systems in the northernmost Finland, including stretches of border rivers in northernmost Norway and north-western Russia. (68-70°N, 24-32°E)

Data availability

Are data archived or planned to be archived at an AMAP Thematic Data Centre?
If no (or only part of data are reported to a TDC), where and how are (other) data stored?
The data is at the FGFRI in an organized electronic data format (e.g. ASCII). Data is mostly available on request.
References to key publications (or planned publications) and data reports
McComas, R.L., Niemelä, E. ja Vuorinen, P. 1990: Acidification timing in running waters of northernmost Finland and possible effects on juvenile salmonids. In: Kinnunen, K. & Varmola, M. (ed.): Effects of air pollutants and acidification in combination with climatic factors on forest, soils and waters in northern Fennoskandia. - NORD 20: 79-89. Erkinaro, J., Niemelä, E., Erkinaro, H. & Rask, M. 1992: Monitoring of the possible effects of acidification on fish populations and zoobenthos of rivers and lakes in the northeastern Finnish Lapland. In: Tikkanen, E., Varmola, M. & Katermaa, T. (ed.): The state of the Environment and Environmental Monitoring in Northern Fennoscandia and the Kola Peninsula. - Arctic Centre Publications 4: 168-171. Elo, K., Vuorinen, J. & Niemelä, E. 1994: Genetic resources of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) in Teno and Näätämö Rivers, northernmost Europe. - Hereditas 120: 19-28. Erkinaro, J. 1995: The age structure and distribution of Atlantic salmon parr (Salmo salar) in small tributaries and main stems of the subarctic River Teno, northern Finland. - Ecol. Freshw. Fish 4: 53-61. Lappalainen, A., Mähönen, O., Erkinaro, J., Rask, M. & Niemelä, E. 1995: Acid deposition from the russian Kola peninsula: are sensitive fish populations in north-eastern Finnish Lapland affected? - Water, Air and Soil Pollution 85: 439-444. Aalto, J., Julkunen, M., Erkinaro, J. & Niemelä, E. 1996: The status of juvenile brown trout (Salmo trutta L.) in different parts of the Luttojoki river system in northern Finland. - Pol. Arch. Hydrobiol. 43: 87-101. Erkinaro, J., Dempson, J.B., Julkunen, M. & Niemelä, E. 1997: Importance of ontogenetic habitat shifts to juvenile output and life history of Atlantic salmon in a large subarctic river: an approach based on analysis of scale characteristics. - J. Fish Biol. 51: 1174-1185. Pihlaja, O., Niemelä, E. & Erkinaro, J. 1998: Introduction and dispersal of the bullhead, Cottus gobio L., in a subarctic salmon river in northern Finland. - Fisheries Management and Ecology 5: 139-146 Erkinaro, H. & Erkinaro, J. 1998: Feeding of Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., parr in the subarctic River Teno and three tributaries, northernmost Finland. - Ecol. Freshw. Fish 7: 13-24. Lehtonen, H. & Niemelä, E. 1998. Growth and population structure of whitefish (Coregonus lavaretus (L.)) in mountain lakes of northern Finland - Arch. Hydrobiol. 50: 81-95. Erkinaro, J., Niemelä, E., Saari, A., Shustov, Yu., & Jørgensen, L. 1998: Timing of habitat shift by Atlantic salmon parr from fluvial to lacustrine habitat: analysis of age distribution, growth and scale characteristics. - Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 55: 2266-2273. Erkinaro, J. Økland, F., Moen, K. & Niemelä, E. 1999: Return migration of Atlantic salmon in the River Tana: distribution and exploitation of radiotagged multi-sea-winter salmon. - Boreal Env. Res 4: 115-124. Erkinaro, J. Økland, F., Moen, K., Niemelä, E. & Rahiala, M. 1999: Return migration of Atlantic salmon in the River Tana: the role of environmental factors. - J. Fish Biol. 55: 506-516. Niemelä, E., Julkunen, M. & Erkinaro, J. 1999: Revealing trends in densities of juvenile Atlantic salmon by clusterizing long-term monitored sampling sites in a large subarctic river. - Fisheries Management and Ecology 6: 207-220. Niemelä, E., Julkunen, M. & Erkinaro, J. 1999: Juvenile salmon (Salmo salar) densities in the subarctic River Teno, northern Finland. - Boreal Env. Res. 4: 125-136. Niemelä, E., Mäkinen, T.S., Moen, K., Hassinen, E., Erkinaro, J., Länsman, M. & Julkunen, M. 2000: Age, sex ratio and timing of the catch of kelts and ascending Atlantic salmon in the subarctic River Teno. - J. Fish. Biol. 56: 974-985 Erkinaro, J., Karppinen, P., Mäkinen, T., Kaukoranta, M., Popov, N. and Lupandin, A. 2000: Restoring the Atlantic salmon stock of the River Tuloma - a pilot experiment using transplanted radio-tagged adult salmon. - Proceedings of The Third Conference on Fish Telemetry in Europe. 20.-25.6. 1999. Norwich, UK.
Samples/specimens archived in specimen banks?
Specimen banking information

Scale samples Genetic samples Invertebrate (benthos/drift/stomach contents of fish) samples

Methods & Procedures

Procedures and methodology used for, e.g., sampling and sample storage, sample pretreatment, extraction and analysis, including which laboratories are involved, references to methods employed, etc.

Test fishing: electroshocking, gill nets etc. Benthos samples: Surber sampler Genetic material: electrophoresis, DNA analyses

Additional Information

Is this a bi- AND multi-lateral project (i.e. a project involving cooperation between different countries)?
Other institutes involved in the project

County Governer of Finnmark, Norway NINA, Norway University of Tromso, Norway Murmanrybvod, Russia PINRO, Russia Academy of Sciences, Russia

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