Persistent Toxic Substances (PTS), Food Security and Indigenous Peoples of the Russian North

Updated 2001-03-19

Brief: Assessment of the significance of aquatic food chains as a pathways of exposure of indigenous peoples to PTS, assessment of the relative importance of local and distant sources, and the role of atmospheric and riverine transport of PTS in Northern Russia. Project rationale and objectives: (1) To assess levels of Persistent Toxic Substances (PTS) in the environment in selected areas of the Russian North, their biomagnification in aquatic and terrestrial food chains, and contamination of traditional (country) foods that are important components of the diet of indigenous peoples. (2) To assess exposure of indigenous peoples in the Russian North to PTS, and the human health impacts of pollution from local and remote sources, as a basis for actions to reduce the risks associated with these exposures. (3) To inform indigenous peoples about contamination by PTS of their environment and traditional food sources, and empower them to take appropriate remedial actions to reduce health risks. (4) To enhance the position of the Russian Federation in international negotiations to reduce the use of PTS, and to empower the Russian Association of Indigenous Peoples of the North (RAIPON) to participate actively and fully in these negotiations. Project activities to achieve outcomes: (1) Inventory of local pollution sources in the vicinities of selected indigenous communities. (2) Survey of levels and fluxes of PTS in riverine and coastal marine environment important for indigenous peoples living in these environments and using them for their subsistence; and assessment of fluxes of PTS to these environments via selected rivers and the atmosphere. (3) Dietary surveys of selected indigenous communities. (4) Study of biomagnification, based on measurements of selected PTS in representative species in food chains important for the traditional diet of indigenous populations. (5) Survey and comparative assessment of pollution levels of the indigenous and general population in selected areas. (6) Dissemination of results to all relevant stakeholders.

This is a National Implementation Plan (NIP) project
Comments and additional information:

Multilateral project proposed by Russian Association of Indigenous Peoples of the North (RAIPON) in co-operation with Inuit Circumpolar Conference (ICC), Saami Council (SC) and Aleut International Association (AIA). At the request of RAIPON and Russian authorities, AMAP has undertaken to assist in the functions of general execution, co-ordination and administration of the project. Project implementation is jointly financed by UNEP Global Environment Facility (GEF), all 8 Arctic countries, Salamander Foundation, Barents Secretariat, Nordic Council of Ministers, UN-ECE, WMO.

Time frame

Status
Ongoing
Project time span
2000 - 2003
Data collection
2000 - 2001
Data processing
2001 - 2003
Data reporting
2001 - 2003

Contact information

Contact person
Vitaly Kimstach
Address
AMAP Secretariat P.O. Box 8100 Dep. N-0032 Oslo Norway
Phone
+47 23 24 16 30
Fax
+47 22 67 67 06
Email
on.pama@hcatsmik.ylativ
Other project contacts
Laurent K. Granier, UNEP GEF Coordination Office. UNEP, Nairobi. Pavel Sulyandziga, RAIPON.

Parameters and Media

Parameter groups measured/observed/modelled
Heavy metals
Other metals/elements
Persistent organic pollutants (POPs)
Radionuclides
Media sampled/studied/modelled
Air/aerosol
Freshwater fish
Freshwater sediments
Fungi
Higher plants
Human media
Marine mammals
Marine sediments
Precipitation/snow
Seabirds
Seawater/suspended particulate matter
Soil/Humus
Terrestrial birds
Terrestrial mammals

Geography

Regions studied
Chukotka peninsula
Kola Peninsula
Pechora river
Russia
Russia, Far East
Russia, Northwest
Taimyr Peninsula
Stations or areas where observations are made

Sampling 2000: Kola Peninsula (67.798 - 68.765 N, 34.303 - 36.102 E, Lovozero area) Lower Pechora (67.955 - 68.226 N, 52.906 - 53.292 E, Nelmin Nos area) Taimyr Peninsula (69.366 - 70.696 N, 83.633 - 89.121 E, Dudinka area) and (71.957 - 74.519 N, 100.527 - 105.788 E, Khatanga area) Chukotka (65.048 - 65.518 N, 176.315 - 177.380 E, Kanchalan area) and (65.115 - 65.715 N, 170.942 - 171.786 E, Lavrentia area)

Data availability

Are data archived or planned to be archived at an AMAP Thematic Data Centre?
yes-partly
Data centres
Freshwater TDC
Marine TDC
Terrestrial TDC
References to key publications (or planned publications) and data reports
Persistent Toxic Substances (PTS), Food Security and Indigenous Peoples of the Russian North. Sub-project: Collection and treatment of samples for the survey of PTS in the environment and food-chains in the vicinities of the indigenous settlements (season summer-autumn 2000). Final report. In Web LLC and RCMA. Report to AMAP. January 2001
Samples/specimens archived in specimen banks?
No
Specimen banking information

Samples stored prior to analyses in freezers at RCMA, St. Petersburg

Methods & Procedures

Procedures and methodology used for, e.g., sampling and sample storage, sample pretreatment, extraction and analysis, including which laboratories are involved, references to methods employed, etc.

Sampling and analytical methodological recommendations: Report of the Experts Meeting on Sampling and Analysis of Persistent Toxic Substances (PTS), St. Petersburg, Russia, 28 May - 1 June 2000. AMAP Report 2000:6. Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP) Field-sampling, described in: Persistent Toxic Substances (PTS), Food Security and Indigenous Peoples of the Russian North. Sub-project: Collection and treatment of samples for the survey of PTS in the environment and food-chains in the vicinities of the indigenous settlements (season summer-autumn 2000). Final report. In Web LLC and RCMA. Report to AMAP. January 2001

QA/QC Information (what QA/QC procedures are implemented, laboratories involvment in QA/QC activities, model verification/validation routines, etc.)

Analytical QA/QC through participation in QUASIMEME and AMAP human health analytical QA programmes.

Additional Information

Is this a bi- AND multi-lateral project (i.e. a project involving cooperation between different countries)?
Yes
Other institutes involved in the project

Russian Association of Indigenous Peoples of the North (RAIPON), Russian Ministry of Natural Resources, Russian Ministry of Health, Russian Federal Service for Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring

Is this project reporting to other organizations/programmes?

UNEP GEF

Indigenous AND traditional knowledge used in this project

Sampling partly conducted by indigenous hunters. Local project coordination by RAIPON.

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