Metals in reindeer

Updated 2011-03-14

National Environmental Monitoring Programme in Sweden. The objective of the project is to follow time trends of available metals in vegetation and reindeer (Rangifer tarandus) in Lapland, Sweden. Analysed metals in liver and muscle samples are: Al, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Mg, Mn, Ni,Hg, Pb, Zn.

This is a National Implementation Plan (NIP) project
Comments and additional information:

Occasionally analyses are also done concerning levels of DDT, PCB and Pesticides. Reindeer samples are gathered once per year in connection with sluaghter. The samples are stored by NRM and on some material the National Veterinary Institute (SVA) make analyses. Data are managed by IVL. The program is part of SEPA:s program for monitoring in the mountains. During 2007 carried out screening of organic compounds in samples saved in the Environmental Specimen Bank between 1987-2006 years. Reindeer muscle samples from Abisko were investigated. Chlorobensene, HCBD, PCB, DDT, HCH, PBDE, dioxins, furans, endosulphan, heptachlor, pentachlorfenol and PAH were analysed to determine amounts and concentrations.

Time frame

Project time span
1983 - 2099
Data collection
1983 - 2008
Data processing
1983 - 2008
Data reporting
1983 - 2005

Contact information

Contact person
Anders Bignert
Museum of Natural History (NRM) The Department of Contaminant Research and The Environmental Specimen Bank, Box 50007 104 05 Stockholm Sweden
+468 5195 4115
+468 5195 4256
Other project contacts
Se also Eva Brorström-Lundén, Swedish Environmental Research Institute (IVL) Box 5302, 400 14 Göteborg, Sweden Ph: +4631-725 62 30; Fax: +46031-725 62 90. e-mail: and Ylva Lind NRM, Environmental Specimen Bank (ESB) Phone:468 5195 4113 E-mail: Swedish Environmental Protection Agency S-106 48 Stockholm Sweden Jonas Rodhe, e-mail:, Phone: +4610 608 1307

Parameters and Media

Parameter groups measured/observed/modelled
Heavy metals
Other metals/elements
Persistent organic pollutants (POPs)
Media sampled/studied/modelled
Terrestrial mammals
Additional information or further specification of types of data / information collected, species / tissues / organs sampled, etc.

Al, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mg, Mn, Mo, Ni, Pb, Zn and Hg in reindeer, Rangifer tarandus, liver, muscle; chlorobensene, HCBD, PCB, DDT, HCH, PBDE, dioxins, furans, endosulphan, heptachlor, pentachlorfenol, PAH


Regions studied
Arctic, Circumpolar
Stations or areas where observations are made

Abisko - Rensjön/Aitjejåkk (Latitud: 68°4.5'N), Ammarnäs (65°48.1'N)

Data availability

Are data archived or planned to be archived at an AMAP Thematic Data Centre?
If no (or only part of data are reported to a TDC), where and how are (other) data stored?
Data and data format describing are available on Swedish Environmental Research Institute (IVL) website (, and on Swedish EPA website: ( . Contact also:
References to key publications (or planned publications) and data reports
Time trends of metals in liver and muscle of reindeer (Rangifer tarandus) from northern and central Lappland, Sweden 1983-2005. Swedish Museum of Natural History - Contaminant Research Group, 2006. Reports are available on NRM website ( and on Swedish EPA website (
Samples/specimens archived in specimen banks?
Specimen banking information

Informations about specimen banking are on NRM ESB website: ( For more information contact: Ylva Lind Museum of Natural History e-mail:

Methods & Procedures

Procedures and methodology used for, e.g., sampling and sample storage, sample pretreatment, extraction and analysis, including which laboratories are involved, references to methods employed, etc.

Procedures and methodology are available on Swedish EPA website:

Additional Information

Is this a bi- AND multi-lateral project (i.e. a project involving cooperation between different countries)?
Other institutes involved in the project

Swedish Environmental Research Institute (IVL), Swedish EPA,

Is this project reporting to other organizations/programmes?

Swedish EPA

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