Metals in mosses

Updated 2011-03-29

National Environmental Monitoring Programme in Sweden. The objective is to follow the deposition of heavy metals over Sweden by the analyse of theirs concentration in two selected species of mosses. The selected species are: Red-stemmed Feather-moss (Pleurozium schreberi) and Mountain Fern Moss (Hylocomnium splendens). Preferred specie: Red-stemmed Feather-moss (Pleurozium schreberi). Metals are adsorbed by mosses and metal concentration in mosses are therefore seen as a proxy for metal deposition. Analysed elements are: Al, As, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Hg, Mn, Mo, Ni, Pb, V, Zn (2010). The moss samples are taken from over 600 (2010) stands over entire Sweden.

This is not a National Implementation Plan (NIP) project
Comments and additional information:

The programme is performed every fifth year with start in year 1975. Last time was in year 2010. Sampling are made by Swedish Univ. of Agricultural Sciences, Dept. of Forest Resource Management, Swedish Museum of Natural History (NRM) Environmental Specimen Bank, manages and stores samples, IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute proceeds data management and reporting.

Time frame

Status
Ongoing
Project time span
1968 - 2099
Data collection
1968 - 2010
Data processing
1968 - 2010
Data reporting
1968 - 2010

Contact information

Contact person
Gunilla Pihl Karlsson
Address
Swedish Environmental Research Institute (IVL) Box 5302 400 14 Göteborg Sweden
Phone
+4631-725 62 08
Fax
+4631-725 62 90
Email
es.lvi@nosslrak.lhip.allinug
Other project contacts
Jonas Rodhe Swedish Environmental Protection Agency S-106 48 Stockholm, Sweden e-mail: Jonas.Rodhe@naturvardsverket.se, and Nicklas Ricklund, e-mail: Nicklas.Ricklund@naturvardsverket.se. See also Karin Sjöberg IVL, karin.sjoberg@ivl.se Phone: +4631-725 62 45

Parameters and Media

Parameter groups measured/observed/modelled
Heavy metals
Other metals/elements
Media sampled/studied/modelled
Air/aerosol
Mosses
Additional information or further specification of types of data / information collected, species / tissues / organs sampled, etc.

As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Pb, Ni, V and Zn in mosses Red-stemmed Feather-moss (Pleurozium schreberi) and Mountain Fern Moss (Hylocomnium splendens). Sampling is proceeds every 5th year.

Geography

Regions studied
Arctic, Circumpolar
Europe
Fennoscandia
Lapland
Scandinavia
Sweden
Stations or areas where observations are made

Several locations in Northern Sweden. Total number of locations in Sweden is approx 500-700.

Data availability

Are data archived or planned to be archived at an AMAP Thematic Data Centre?
no
If no (or only part of data are reported to a TDC), where and how are (other) data stored?
The data are available on the Swedish Environmental Research Institute (IVL) website (http://www3.ivl.se/miljo/db/IVL_luft_registersida.htm), (http://www.ivl.se/vanstermeny/miljodatadatavardskap/datavardskapluft.4.360a0d56117c51a2d30800064007.html) and on the Swedish EPA website (http://www.naturvardsverket.se/sv/Tillstandet-i-miljon/Miljoovervakning/Miljoovervakningsdata/)
References to key publications (or planned publications) and data reports
Rapporting and reports are available on the Swedish EPA website (http://www.naturvardsverket.se/en/In-English/Menu/State-of-the-environment/Environmental-monitoring/Reports-on-environmental-monitoring/); http://www.naturvardsverket.se/sv/Tillstandet-i-miljon/Miljoovervakning/Rapporter-och-nyhetsbrev/Rapporter--Luft/) and on IVL website: (http://www.ivl.se/vanstermeny/miljodatadatavardskap/datavardskapluft.4.360a0d56117c51a2d30800064007.html)
Samples/specimens archived in specimen banks?
Yes
Specimen banking information

Collected material are stored at the Environmental Specimen Bank in the Swedish Museum of Natural History (http://www.nrm.se/en/menu/researchandcollections/departments/contaminantresearch/environmentalspecimenbank.937_en.html)

Methods & Procedures

Procedures and methodology used for, e.g., sampling and sample storage, sample pretreatment, extraction and analysis, including which laboratories are involved, references to methods employed, etc.

Sampling and sample storage informations are on the Environmental Specimen Bank in the Swedish Museum of Natural History (http://www.nrm.se/en/menu/researchandcollections/departments/contaminantresearch/environmentalspecimenbank.937_en.html). Sampling and analyse methods are available on the Swedish Environmental Research Institute (IVL) website (http://www.naturvardsverket.se/upload/02_tillstandet_i_miljon/Miljoovervakning/undersokn_typ/luft/met_mossa.pdf), in Swedish. Methods are available also on The International Cooperative Programme on Effects of Air Pollution on Natural Vegetation and Crops (ICP) website http://icpvegetation.ceh.ac.uk/manuals/moss_survey.html

Additional Information

Is this a bi- AND multi-lateral project (i.e. a project involving cooperation between different countries)?
No
Other institutes involved in the project

Swedish Museum of Natural History (NRM)Environmental Specimen Bank; Swedish EPA; Swedish Univ. of Agricultural Sciences, Dept. of Forest Resource Management (SLU)- sampling; ALS Scandinavia AB; Ekokonsult AB, Å. Ruhling.

Is this project reporting to other organizations/programmes?

results are raported to the Swedish EPA and International Cooperative Programme on Effects of Air Pollution on Natural Vegetation and Crops (ICP).

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