Metals in mosses

Updated 2017-10-16

National Environmental Monitoring Programme in Sweden. The objective is to follow the deposition of heavy metals over Sweden by the analyses of their concentration in two selected species of moss. The selected species are: Red-stemmed Feather-moss (Pleurozium schreberi) and Mountain Fern Moss (Hylocomnium splendens). Preferred specie: Red-stemmed Feather-moss (Pleurozium schreberi). Metals adsorbed by mosses almost exclusively come from the air and metal concentration in mosses are therefore seen as a proxy for metal deposition. Analysed elements are: Al, As, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Hg, Mn, Mo, Ni, Pb, V, Zn (2015). The moss samples are taken from over 600 stands across Sweden.

This is a National Implementation Plan (NIP) project
Comments and additional information:

The programme started in 1975 and sampling is performed every five years. Last time was in 2015. Sampling are made by the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Department of Forest Resource Management. The Swedish Museum of Natural History (NRM) Environmental Specimen Bank (ESB), manages and stores samples. The Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute (SMHI) performes data management.

Time frame

Status
Ongoing
Project time span
1975 - 2099
Data collection
1975 - 2015
Data processing
1975 - 2015
Data reporting
1975 - 2015

Contact information

Contact person
Helena Danielsson
Address

Swedish Environmental Research Institute (IVL) Box 53021 400 14 Göteborg Sweden

Phone
+46107886787
Email
es.lvi@nossleinad.aneleh
Other project contacts

Karin Sjöberg IVL, Phone: +46317256245, E-mail: karin.sjoberg@ivl.se

Petra Hagström, The Swedish Environmental Protection Agency S-106 48 Stockholm, Sweden, Phone: +46106981284, E-mail: petra.hagstrom@naturvardsverket.se

Tove Lundeberg (AMAP representative) The Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, Phone: +46106981611, E-mail: tove.lundeberg@naturvardsverket.se

Parameters and Media

Parameter groups measured/observed/modelled
Heavy metals
Other metals/elements
Media sampled/studied/modelled
Air/aerosol
Mosses
Additional information or further specification of types of data / information collected, species / tissues / organs sampled, etc.

Al, As, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Hg, Mn, Mo, Pb, Ni, V and Zn in mosses Red-stemmed Feather-moss (Pleurozium schreberi) and Mountain Fern Moss (Hylocomnium splendens). Sampling is performed every 5 years.

Geography

Regions studied
Arctic, Circumpolar
Europe
Fennoscandia
Lapland
Scandinavia
Sweden
Stations or areas where observations are made

Several locations in Northern Sweden. Total number of locations in Sweden is approximately 500-700, around 50-100 locations within AMAP-area.

Data availability

Are data archived or planned to be archived at an AMAP Thematic Data Centre?
No
If no (or only part of data are reported to a TDC), where and how are (other) data stored?

Data are available on the Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute (SMHI) website: (https://www.smhi.se/klimatdata/miljo/luftmiljodata/om-luftmiljodata/om-halter-i-luft-och-nederbord-1.107022)

References to key publications (or planned publications) and data reports

Publications and reports are available on the Swedish EPA DiVA portal (http://naturvardsverket.diva-portal.org/smash/search.jsf?dswid=4305&aq=%5B%5B%5D%5D&aq2=%5B%5B%5D%5D&sf=all&aqe=%5B%5D&searchType=SIMPLE&onlyFullText=false&language=en&dspwid=4305)

Report Metals in moss 2015 (in Swedish): (http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:naturvardsverket:diva-6830)

Description of the national environmental monitoring subprogram Metalls in Mosses (in Swedish): (http://www.naturvardsverket.se/Miljoarbete-i-samhallet/Miljoarbete-i-Sverige/Miljoovervakning/Miljoovervakning/Programomrade-Luft/Delprogram---Metaller-i-mossa/)


 

 

Samples/specimens archived in specimen banks?
Yes
Specimen banking information

Collected materials are stored in the Environmental Specimen Bank at the Swedish Museum of Natural History (http://www.nrm.se/en/forskningochsamlingar/miljoforskningochovervakning/miljoprovbanken.9000848.html)

Methods & Procedures

Procedures and methodology used for, e.g., sampling and sample storage, sample pretreatment, extraction and analysis, including which laboratories are involved, references to methods employed, etc.

Sampling and sample storage informations are on the Environmental Specimen Bank in the Swedish Museum of Natural History (http://www.nrm.se/en/forskningochsamlingar/miljoforskningochovervakning/miljoprovbanken.9000848.html).

Description of method (in Swedish): (http://www.naturvardsverket.se/Stod-i-miljoarbetet/Vagledningar/Miljoovervakning/Handledning/Metoder/Undersokningstyper/Programomrade-Luft/).

Methods are available also on The International Cooperative Programme on Effects of Air Pollution on Natural Vegetation and Crops (ICP) website http://icpvegetation.ceh.ac.uk/manuals/moss_survey.html

Additional Information

Is this a bi- AND multi-lateral project (i.e. a project involving cooperation between different countries)?
No
Other institutes involved in the project

Swedish Museum of Natural History (NRM)Environmental Specimen Bank; Swedish EPA; Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Department of Forest Resource Management (SLU)- sampling; ALS Scandinavia AB; Ekokonsult AB, Å. Ruhling.

Is this project reporting to other organizations/programmes?

Results are raported to the Swedish EPA and International Cooperative Programme on Effects of Air Pollution on Natural Vegetation and Crops (ICP). The Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute (SMHI)

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