Directorate of Health - Centre for Health Security and Communicable Disease Control - Embætti landlæknis – sóttvarnalæknir

Updated 2012-08-28

The Centre for Health Security and Communicable Disease Control at the Directorate of Health is operated according to the Act on Health Security and Communicable Diseases, No. 19/1997 (http://eng.velferdarraduneyti.is/media/Reglugerdir-enska/Act_on_Communicable_Diseases_2007.pdf). This act applies to diseases and agents that can cause epidemics and other serious infectious diseases or pose a threat to public welfare. “Diseases” means disease or infection caused by infectious material, microbes and their toxins or parasites as well as serious health consequences caused by toxic chemicals and radio nuclear materials. The act also applies to unusual and unexpected events which may cause severe health consequences of international concern. The Chief Epidemiologist (CE) is responsible for maintaining a register of communicable diseases, including agents causing diseases and health threat events, immunisations and the use of antimicrobial drugs. These registers are intended to be of use in preventive measures and in epidemiological research. The CE chairs an inter-organisational committee on response measures if there is a risk that animals, food, water, sewers, ventilation or anything else in the environment is spreading or could spread infectious sources of disease, toxic chemicals or radio-nuclear agents that threaten the health of humans. The Minister decides, on the advice of the CE, whether official measures should be implemented, such as immunisation, isolation of infected persons, disinfections, quarantining of communities or the whole country, closing of schools or prohibition of public gatherings. The CE may apply such emergency measures without seeking authority in advance, if he believes that any delay would entail a risk, but he must inform the Minister of his actions immediately Network type: - Thematic observations - Health care observations - Community based observations - Epidemic intelligence

Time frame

Status
Ongoing
Project time span
1998 -
Data collection
1998 -
Data processing
1998 -
Data reporting
1998 -

Contact information

Contact person
- -
Address
Haraldur Briem, Chief Epidemiologist
Email
si.rinkealdnal@meirbh

Parameters and Media

Parameter groups measured/observed/modelled
Media sampled/studied/modelled
Human media

Geography

Regions studied
Iceland

Data availability

Samples/specimens archived in specimen banks?
No

Methods & Procedures

Procedures and methodology used for, e.g., sampling and sample storage, sample pretreatment, extraction and analysis, including which laboratories are involved, references to methods employed, etc.

Epidemic monitoring, outbreaks, public measures against communicable diseases and health threats.

Additional Information

Is this a bi- AND multi-lateral project (i.e. a project involving cooperation between different countries)?
No
Other institutes involved in the project

Iceland Directorate of Health (Landlaeknis)

Is this project reporting to other organizations/programmes?

Health Security Committee - European Commission (HSC), World Health Organization (WHO), European Centre for Communicable Disease Prevention (ECDC)

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