Biodiversity and adaptation strategies of Arctic coastal marine benthos

Updated 2001-04-10

The objectives of the project are to assess: 1) the present biodiversity of benthos in Arctic coastal ecosystems (White Sea, southern Barents Sea, Pechora Sea), and indicators for changes caused by disturbances; 2) the adaptations to the Arctic climate for some benthic key-species, the additional influence of disturbance and the sensitivity of the key-species to additional stress from disturbances; 3) the geochemical background of the regions Research activities: Annual missions by ship for sampling water, sediments and macrobenthos. Biodiversity analysis of macrobenthos in sediments in laboratories in Murmansk (MMBI) and Tromsø (Akvaplan-Niva), ecophysiological analyses in laboratories of St. Petersburg (ZISP), Yerseke (NIOO-CEMO) and Pisa (UN), analyses of pollutants in laboratories in Moscow (MSU), Nantes(UN) and Pisa (UP), geochemical analyses of water and sediment in laboratories of Moscow (MSU) and Barcelona (UB). Training of 3 PhD students

This is not a National Implementation Plan (NIP) project

Time frame

Status
Completed
Project time span
1995 - 1998
Data collection
not specified
Data processing
not specified
Data reporting
not specified

Contact information

Contact person
Herman Hummel
Address
Centre for Estuarine and Coastal Ecology Netherlands Institute of Ecology P.B. 140 4400 AC Yerseke Netherlands
Phone
+31 113 577300 (inst.) / 577484 (direct)
Fax
+31 113 573616
Email
ln.wank.ooin.omec@lemmuh
Other project contacts
Visiting address: Korringaweg 7 4401 NT Yerseke

Parameters and Media

Parameter groups measured/observed/modelled
Biological effects
Climate change effects
Heavy metals
Media sampled/studied/modelled
Marine benthos
Marine sediments
Seawater/suspended particulate matter
Additional information or further specification of types of data / information collected, species / tissues / organs sampled, etc.

Type of data collected - Biogeochemical (water, sediment) - Ecological (species, diversity, distribution, numbers, biomass) - Biochemical (enzyme activity, reserve constituents) - Genetic (isoenzyme electrophoresis) - Ecotoxicological (metals) Sampling frequency: annually

Geography

Regions studied
Barents Sea
Pechora Sea
White Sea
Other areas
White sea, south-eastern Barents Sea
Stations or areas where observations are made

White Sea (many), see reports South-east Barents Sea (many) Pechora Sea (many)

Data availability

Are data archived or planned to be archived at an AMAP Thematic Data Centre?
no
If no (or only part of data are reported to a TDC), where and how are (other) data stored?
Data storage: Computer files, reports, papers Data will be available to other projects and/or international programmes from: project contact
References to key publications (or planned publications) and data reports
Hummel, H., 1994. COMARNOR expedition-1994 on biodiversity and adaptation strategies of Arctic coastal marine benthos (a UNESCO-COMAR "Training-through-Research initiative in the White Sea). MARINF/97, Annex 6, pp. 62-64. (appeared also in Russian) Hummel, H., 1995. New biodiversity initiative for the White Sea. UNESCO IMS Newsletter 73/74: 14. Sommer, A., Hummel, H. & H.O. P”rtner, 1996. Adaptation of Arenicola marina to changing temperatures: a comparison of boreal and subpolar populations. Verh. dt. Zool. Ges. 89: 18 Gantsevich, M.M., K.V. Sokolov & H. Hummel, 1996. Comparative characteristic of some ecophysiological parameters of the bivalve molluscs Macoma balthica L. 1758 and Mytilus edulis L. 1758 from the Kandalaksha bay of the White Sea. In: A.V. Sjerbakov & E.D. Krasnova (eds.). Scientific conference of the White Sea Biological Station MSU in memory of Nikolaj Andrevits Pjertsov (book of abstracts). BBS MSU, Moscow, pp. 14-15 (in Russian). Hummel, H., A. Sommer, R.H. Bogaards and H.O P”rtner, 1997. Variation in genetic traits of the lugworm Arenicola marina: temperature related expression of mitochondrial allozymes?. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 159: 189-195. Hummel, H, R. Bogaards, T. Bek, L. Polishchuk, C. Amiard-Triquet, G. Bachelet, M. Desprez, P. Strelkov, A. Sukhotin, A. Naumov, S. Dahle, S. Denisenko, M. Gantsevich, K. Sokolov and L. de Wolf, 1997. Sensitivity to stress in the bivalve Macoma balthica from the most northern (Arctic) to the most southern (French) populations: low sensitivity in Arctic populations because of genetic adaptations? Hydrobiologia 355: 127-138. Naumov, A.D., H. Hummel, A.A. Sukhotin & J.S. Ryland (eds.), 1997. Interactions and adaptation strategies of marine organisms. Developments in Hydrobiologia 121. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 190 pp. Hummel, H., 1997. Preface. In: A.D. Naumov, A.D., H. Hummel, A.A. Sukhotin & J.S. Ryland (eds.). Interactions and adaptation strategies of marine organisms. Developments in Hydrobiologia 121. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, p. vii. Colucci, F., H. Hummel, R.H. Bogaards and P. Strelkov, 1997. Genetic and biochemical traits of the bivalve Mytilus in west and north-east europe. NIOO-Report 1997-4, Yerseke, ISSN 1381-6519, 24 pp. Naumov, A.D., A. Calafat-Frau, H. Hummel, C. Larroux, R. Palerud & F. Regoli, 1997. Benthic investigations of the White Sea biological station in the White and Barents Seas within the framework of the international project "Biodiversity and adaptation strategies of Arctic coastal marine benthos". In: V.Y. Berger & A.D. Naumov (eds.). Ecological investigations of the White Sea organisms (book of abstracts). Zoological Institute, RAS, St. Petersburg, pp. 58-59. Hummel, H, R. Bogaards, T. Bek, L. Polishchuk, K. Sokolov, C. Amiard-Triquet, G. Bachelet, M. Desprez, A. Naumov, P. Strelkov, S. Dahle, S. Denisenko, M. Gantsevich and L. de Wolf, 1998. Growth in the bivalve Macoma balthica from its northern to its southern distribution limit: a discontinuity in North-Europe because of genetic adaptations in Arctic populations? Comp. Biochem. Physiol. (accepted).
Samples/specimens archived in specimen banks?
No

Methods & Procedures

Not specified

Additional Information

Is this a bi- AND multi-lateral project (i.e. a project involving cooperation between different countries)?
Yes
Other institutes involved in the project

- Murmansk Marine Biological Institute, Vladimirskaja 17, 183023 Murmansk, AN SSSR - Zoological Institute, Universitetskaya nab. 1, 199034 St.-Petersburg, Russia - Moscow State University, Biology Faculty, Vorobiovy Gory, 119899 Moscow, Russia - Universitat de Barcelona, Dep. de Geologia Dinamica, Geofisica Paleontologia Zona Universitaria de Pedralbes, 08028 Barcelona, Spain - Ecotoxicologie des Milieux Aquatiques, Universit de Nantes, 1 Rue Gaston Veil, 44035 Nantes Cedex 01, France - Akvaplan-Niva, Strandtorget 2B,P.O. Box 735, 9001 Tromsø, Norway - Dip. Biomedicina Sperimentale, Universita di Pisa, Via A. Volta 4, 56100 Pisa, Italy

Is this project reporting to other organizations/programmes?

EC-INTAS (project 94-391)

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