1. Behavioural study of Bombus and Psithyrus spp., notably nesting, foraging and diurnal patterns. To compare with same or related UK species, in relation to UK BAP and UK Bumblebee Working Group. Prior work of Bo Svensson et al is noted and will form basis for further study.2. Behavioural study of butterflies of Abisko area. Since 1982 study by Henriksen and Keutzer, there is little published work other than collectors' reports. The project is to observe mate location, nectar sources used, ovipositing, mating, diurnal patterns etc. as well as compile information about habitat, vertical and horizontal distribution etc.Both studies will involve both stills and video photography. Publication in the form of journal articles is anticipated. Both studies are contributary to monographs in preparation, one on European butterflies, the other on Bumblebees currently under consideration bt HarperCollins.