In order to assess the spatial and temporal patterns of the a-, b- and g-isomers of hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) in the arctic biotic and abiotic environment, it is proposed that:
(1) concentrations and ratios of HCH isomers be compared over time in air, water, seals, beluga, polar bears and seabirds to determine any shifts in isomeric ratios and how those shifts interrelate among the various media, and
(2) concentrations and ratios of HCH isomers be compared spatially in the abiotic and biotic media and reasons for any patterns explored.
This is a National Implementation Plan (NIP) project
- Project time span
- 2000 - 2002
- Data collection
- 2000 - 2001
- Data processing
- 2000 - 2002
- Data reporting
- 2001 - 2002
- Are data archived or planned to be archived at an AMAP Thematic Data Centre?
- If no (or only part of data are reported to a TDC), where and how are (other) data stored?
- Data are archived in Excel spreadsheet format and will be made available to the AMAP via the designated Canadian experts.
- References to key publications (or planned publications) and data reports
- Barrie, L.A., R. Macdonald, T. Bidleman, M. Diamond, D. Gregor, R. Semkin, W. Strachan, M. Alaee, S. Backus, M. Bewers, C. Gobeil, C. Halsall, J. Hoff, A. Li, L. Lockhart, D. Mackay, D. Muir, J. Pudykiewicz, K. Reimer, J. Smith, G. Stern, W. Schroeder, R. Wagemann, F. Wania and M. Yunker. 1997. Chap. 2. Sources, occurrence and pathways. In: Jensen, J., K. Adair and R. Shearer (eds.). Canadian Arctic Contaminants Assessment Report. Ministry of Public Works and Government Services, Ottawa, QS-8525-000-EE-A1, Catalog No. R72-260/1997E, ISBN 0-662-25704-9,
Falconer, R.L., T.F. Bidleman and D.J. Gregor. 1995. Air-water gas exchange and evidence for metabolism of HCHs in Resolute Bay, N.W.T. Sci. Total Environ. 160/161: 65-74.
Halstall, C.T., R. Bailey, G.A. Stern, L.A. Barrie, P. Fellin, D.C.G. Muir, B. Rosenberg, F. Rovinski, E. Konovov and B. Pastukhov. 1998. Multiyear observations of organohalogen pesticides in the Arctic atmosphere. Environ. Pollut. 102: 51-62.
Hargrave, B.T., L.A. Barrie, T.F. Bidleman and H.E. Welch. 1997. Seasonality in exchange of organochlorines between arctic air and seawater. Environ. Sci. Technol. 31: 3258-3266.
Harner, T., H. Kylin, T.F. Bidleman and W.M.J. Strachan. 1999. Removal of a- and g-HCHs and the enantiomers of a-HCH in the eastern Arctic Ocean. nviron. Sci. Technol. 33: 1157-1164.
Jantunen, L.M. and T.F. Bidleman. 1995. Reversal of the air-water gas exchange direction of hexachlorocyclohexanes in the Bering and Chukchi Seas: 1993 vs. 1998. Environ. Sci. Technol. 29:1081-1089.
Jantunen, L.M. and T.F. Bidleman. 1996. Air-water gas exchange of HCHs and the enantiomers of a-HCH in arctic waters. J. Geophys. Res. 101: 28837-28846; corrections Ibid. 102: 19279-19292.
Jantunen, L.M.M. and T.F. Bidleman. 1998. Organochlorine pesticides and enantiomers of chiral pesticides in Arctic Ocean water. Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 35: 218-228.
Jantunen, L.M.M. and T.F. Bidleman. 1999. Henry’s law constant for technical toxaphene. Chemosphere, in press.
Kucklick, J., D.A. Hinckley and T.F. Bidleman. 1991. Determination of Henry’s law constant for hexachlorocyclohexanes as a function of temperature in distilled water and seawater. Mar. Chem. 34:197-209.
Li, Y.-F., L.A. Barrie, T.F. Bidleman and L.L. McConnell. 1998a. Global HCH use trends and their impact on the arctic atmospheric environment. Geophys. Res. Lett. 25: 39-41.
Li, Y.-F., D.J. Cai and A. Singh. 1998b. Technical HCH use trends in China and their impact on the environment. Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 35: 688-697.
Muir, D.C.G., R.J. Norstrom and M. Simon. 1988. Organochlorine contaminants in arctic marine food chains: Accumulation of specific PCB and chlordane-related compounds. Environ. Sci. Technol. 22, 1071-1079.
Ngabe, B., T.F. Bidleman and R.L. Falconer. 1993. Base hydrolysis of a- and g-hexachlorocyclohexane. Environ. Sci. Technol. 27:1930-1933.
- Samples/specimens archived in specimen banks?
- Specimen banking information
Methods & Procedures
- Procedures and methodology used for, e.g., sampling and sample storage, sample pretreatment, extraction and analysis, including which laboratories are involved, references to methods employed, etc.
- Is this a bi- AND multi-lateral project (i.e. a project involving cooperation between different countries)?
- Other institutes involved in the project
Freshwater Institute, Fisheries & Oceans Canada, Winnipeg
Institute for Ocean Sciences, Fisheries & Oceans, Sidney
Bedford Institute for Oceanography, Fisheries & Oceans Canada, Dartmouth
National Water Research Institute, Environment Canada, Burlington
Meteorological Service, Environment Canada, Downsview
- Is this project reporting to other organizations/programmes?
Canadian Northern Contaminants Program
- Indigenous AND traditional knowledge used in this project
Indigenous or traditional knowledge is employed in this project for some components
- Other related projects
Project is related to other projects registered in this directory