ENVINET Activities Catalog

ENVINET Activities Catalog

ENVINET (European network for arctic-alpine multidiciplanary environmental research) is a research infrastructure network focusing on multidisciplinary environmental research in Europe. The network involves representatives from 18 environmental research infrastructures from the European Alps to the Arctic, representatives of their users and representatives from relevant international organizations and networks. The participating infrastructures cover a broad range of environmental sciences primarily within atmospheric physics and chemistry as well as marine and terrestrial biology.

The ENVINET project directory covers data and observation activities at these stations.

Other catalogs through this service are AMAP, SAON and SEARCH, or refer to the full list of projects/activities.

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Displaying: 201 - 220 of 383 Next
201. Survey of European Syrphidae (Diptera)

A survey of European Sryphidae, Diptera, for which collection of voucher specimens is necessary to confirm identification.

202. Recent weathering of silicon in Northern Sweden

Lakes and dams play crucial roles in the global cycles for nutrients and organic carbon as links from the terrestrial sources to the marine sinks. The degree of retention is sometimes high in these water bodies. Treguér et al. (1995) report that increasing inputs of dissolved inorganic nitrogen and phosphorus into rivers and lakes support enhanced production of diatoms, resulting in decreasing concentrations of dissolved silicate (DSi) in the river loads. The construction of storage lakes in rivers enhances this effect, even in less eutrophicated rivers. This phenomenon is reported for large-scale systems like the Danube and the Black Sea (Humborg et al., 1997), the Mississippi river (Turner and Rabalais, 1994) as well as for more modest rivers like those entering the Baltic Sea (Humborg et al. 2000). A key factor in the retention process of the river system seems to be the residence time. The question is now which physical mechanisms governs the retention process in reservoir vs. dams. A comparative study between Akkajaure and Torne Träsk is under way to resolve the consequences of river regulation.This project is a part of a larger "programme" to investigate the reason for decreasing DSi levels in the Baltic with implications on the World Ocean.

203. Rallarvägen-The Navvy Road

The Navvy Road is an ancient monument of great symbolic value for the entry of the modern times in the Kiruna mountains. The railroad that was built to serve the mines also made the area easily accessible to scientists and tourists. The purpose of the project is to make people aware of the history of the area they see today and to make the remains of the navvies work and living easy to reach and understand. The project started 1987 when I was länsantikvarie (chief antiquarian) in Norrbotten. Most of the road and according traces were overgrown and many places forgotten. The first phase of the project was to locate the "vanished" places and parts of the road and to write information for signs along the road and a book about the navvies and their life. This work was mainly done by Agge Theander, Kiruna in cooperation with colleagues in Narvik (a similar work was done along the Norwegian part of the road)and länsstyrelsen. The work was mainly financed by länsstyrelsen.After I left Norrbotten for a similar work in Skåne the great work to clear the road, build new bridges etc was done under the supervision of länsstyrelsen. Since 1987 "historical paths" have been a very popular mode of making history living all over Sweden. The purpose of my visit is to see how my favorite project is working and to get and give new ideas how to improve the Navvy Road and similar projects in Skåne

204. Effects of global changes on subarctic microbial communities in the soil.

My study is focussed on the effects of global changes on subarctic microbial communities in the soil. From previous studies in Cassiope-dominated heaths in the area it is known that experimental warming simulating expected effects of climatic change in this century might affect microbial communities and their activity, for instance shown by changes in trophic structure of nematodes and exchange of greenhouse gases. However, microbial reponses to warming and enhanced nutrient turnover as a result of greater litter supply in more species- and nutrient-rich heaths are not known. The current study will be a part of a long-term global change research project in which 24 plots in a species-rich heath near the heliport in Abisko have been manipulated since June 1999. The aim of my M.Sc. project is to reveal some of the responses of the soil microbial communities to three years of warming and enhanced litter supply. A suite of parameters within the field of microbial biomass, activity and diversity will be measured throughout the plant growing season, or in a final harvest at the end of the season.

205. Markandning i subarktiska jordmåner – kontrollerande faktorer och påverkan av globala förändringar

This is a Masters project (examensarbete) Exjobbet (20p) innebär två delar, och ska gå på halvtid: Del I: Evelina ska skriva en uppsats (10 p) som utvärderar kontrollerande faktorerna för markandning (som en del av det globala kolkrettsloppet) i subarktiska miljöar. Uppsatsen ska granska den vetenskapliga litteraturen och ge grunden för senare fältarbete. Huvudsyftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka hur globala förändringar (d v s klimat förändring, samt förändringar i atmosfärisk kemi) möjligen kan påverka C flöden i subarktiska miljöer. Uppsatsen ska vara klar innan slutet av juni. Del II: Experiment ute i fält i Abisko trakten (10 p) som undersöker hur tillgången till nedbrytbara organiskt material, samt inorganiska ämne (t ex kväve eller phosphor) påverkar CO2 utsläpp (som markandning). Fältarbetet ska pågår under 3-4 veckor, och senare i Uppsala ska fältdatan analyseras, och del II av uppsatsen färdigskrivas. Hela verksamheten ska vara klar innan slutet av oktober 2002.

206. Biogeochemistry in the arctic – processes, controls and sensitivity to ”global change”

The research addresses questions of drivers and controls of biogeochemical (nutrient and carbon) cycling in arctic ecosystems. The focus is, first, on interactions between plants, microbes and the soil organic matter and the project explores possible, periodic competition for nutrients between soil microbes and plants and the mechanisms of net nutrient mineralisation coupled with plant nutrient uptake. Another focus is on how pools and fluxes of carbon and nutrients in, and between, major ecosystem components are likely to be affected if the arctic climate changes (”the greenhouse effect”). This research is based on data collected from experimental manipulations of arctic ecosystems that have lasted for close to, or over, a decade.

207. Roadside revegetation project

Investigating methods of facilitating revegetation of roadside of the E-10 between Kiruna and Riksgränsen

208. Landscape data as a tool in environmental risk assessment

To find an optimised guideline to accidental risk management where geomorphic, meteorologic and botanical observations are used as background material. The project is a continuation as previous work started up in 1998. A licentiate report was produced in 2001 where slope processes as hazards to the Kiruna-Riksgränsen railway was investigated.

209. Shoot dynamics of Linnaea borealis

Linnaea borealis is a stoloniferous dwarf shrub with long lasting connections between ramets. Along the stolons three types of lateral shoots can be produced: vertical reproductive and non-reproductive and horisontal non-reproductive, i.e. vegetative reproduction. I want with this study to find out which of the shoot types is most important for the survival of the ramet and if this changes depending on site conditions. I have three sites in the vicinity of Abisko with different light conditions and different forest floor vegetation, at each site 20 ramets have been followed for five years now. This summer the clonal fragments will be harvested.

210. DART

DART is a project investigating the dynamic response of the forest_tundra ecotone to environmental change. The whole project includes eximination of trace-gas fluxes, decomposition, snow distribution/- melt, browsing, and plant growth responses. My own part of the project deals with the distribution of the tree-line trees and effects of artificial warming on mountain birch saplings (Betula pubescens Ssp. czerepanovii).

211. Sexual dimorphism in physiological traits in Salix

Study of sexual dimorphism in physiological traits in ten Salix species in the surroundings of Abisko. Field measurements will be carried out about basic leaf traits, photosynthesis and transpiration. In the lab, measurements will be carried out on N content. Samples for future analysis will be collected.

212. Optical reflectance properties of tundra vegetation

The aim of this project is to characterise the spectral reflectance properties of a range of tundra (dwarf shrub and lichen) species using a high-resolution spectroradiometer, and to relate these properties to physiological state, especially biomass. This will provide us with control data for our remote-sensing investigations of the impact of air pollution on tundra vegetation around nickel smelters in Russia, by indicating the natural (unpolluted) optical properties. Species to be investigated will include empetum nigrum, vaccinium spp, rubus chamaemorus, cetraria nivalis, cladonia rangiferina, and some grasses and bog.

213. To study the trace-fossils and the trilobites in the Cambrian layers at Loupakte/Louvárri.

To investigate the availability of trace-fossils and trilobites in the Cambrian sand-, silt-, and limestone formation at Loupakte. Large bedding planes with trace fossils will be searched for. Studies will then be conducted on the diversity and behaviour of trilobites and the trace-fossils and their makers.This is a preliminary study that hopefully will constitute a part of a Ph.D-project.

214. PINE

PINE (Predicting Impacts on Natural Ecotones) will investigate the potential impacts of key land-use management decisions on the European tree-line ecotones under different climatic change scenarios. The focus is on identifying critical thresholds of change, some of which may be irreversible. The aim is to inform decision makers of the consequences of their actions in terms of sustainable development, landscape change and biodiversity. The first step will be to assess the decision-makers’ and stakeholders’ perceptions of environmental change and risk. We will then go on to produce a spatially explicit, dynamic forest succession model (TreeMig) tuned specifically to tree-line ecotones. The model parameters are defined using variables which initiate, control and terminate tree growth. These are derived from cambium dynamics and an innovative multi-proxy approach in which the proxies used are tree ring width, density, stable carbon isotope ratios, height increment, needle production and pollen deposition. Data will be collected from a range of tree-line tree species at sites in Sweden, Finland, Austria, Italy and Slovenia. The model will be evaluated using the past response of tree line plant communities to climatic change under varying management regimes and then used to predict changes in the tree-line ecotones in response to climatic change under different land-use change scenarios.

215. Gaseous exchange in tundra mires

Continous real time measurements of corbon dioxide and metheane exchanges at different subhabitats at the Stordalen mire in relation to the winter and spring shift.

216. DART: Dynamic response of the forest-tundra ecostone to environmental change

The overall aim of our research is to increase understanding of ecosystem dynamics at the forest–tundra ecotone in northern Europe and, in particular, to quantify the dynamics of the response of this ecotone to changes in climate and in land use. In order to achieve this overall objective we are addressing the following more specific objective: To investigate the extent to which potential dynamic responses of the ecotone to environmental changes are modulated by other limiting factors, including propagule dispersal, seedling establishment, disturbance régime and herbivore impacts. Current experiments will involve the sowing of tree seeds within/without vertebrate exclosure plots established in 1997 and subsequent counting of seedlings.

217. GLORIA

Detailed inventory of four peaks at altitudes ; just above subalpine, between low alpine and middle alpine, between middle alpine and high alpine and at highalpine. Vegetation cover and plant species with abundance are inventored with different methods. Temperature loggers are burried in main geographical directions. The purpose is to reinventory these peaks after a longer period (about 5 to 10 years) and analyse eventual differences. The project is coorinated by the University of Wien in Austria. The peaks inventoried is west of Tornehamn, south and east of Latnjajaure and Kårsatjåkka.

218. Effects of freeze-thaw events on arctic soil organisms

The project aims to describe the effects of increased frequency of freeze-thaw cycles on the soil fauna in an arctic environment. Little is known about the effects of global warming on soil animals in habitats of limited nutrient supply and with high climatic stress. Manipulations of the soil temperature will be conducted to increase the frequency of freeze-thaw events. Springtail and mite species diversity and abundance will be investigated, together with screenings of the nutrient availability in the soil after such events. Mesocosm studies will be conducted for a closer study of the effects of temperature changes on decomposition and mineralization. Species of springtails and mites will be returned to the laboratory to investigate cold and drought hardiness. A project including soil warming has been conducted in Abisko for over a decade, and it is our intent to include investigations of soil fauna (springtails and mites), and the interactions between these and the microbial fauna. It is interesting to see whether 10 years of soil warming have changed the springtail and mite species diversity and abundance, and whether this has affected the natural nutrient cycles.

219. Sampling of tundra soils for isolation of psychrophilic Pseudomonas spp. bacteria

In order to isolate bacteria with a potential for cold-resistant production of enzymes, antibiotics, detergents, etc. I would like to sample a number of different tundra soils in the Abisko area. This will include soils representing a variety of organic matter, degree of humification, water-logging and soils surrounding different types of vegetation.

220. Ectomycorrhizae in the Arctic - implications for plant nutrition and ecosystem functioning

Ectomycorrhizal (ECM) symbioses are omnipresent in the Arctic, and shifts in ECM communities may be expected in a future warmer climate. As large functional differences exist among ECM fungal genera, species and isolates, this could affect several important ecosystem processes, such as plant C fixation and allocation belowground and plant uptake of different nutrient pools. The objectives of this project are 1) to characterize responses of ECM associations of a circumpolar plant species (Betula nana L.) to manipulations of air temperature and soil nutrient availability and 2) to relate functional characteristics of ECM communities to ecosystem C and N cycling.The project consists of three elements: 1. Quantitative analyses of responses in ectomycorrhizal morphotype communities associated with B. nana to manipulations of air temperature and soil nutrient availability at two sites (Abisko, Sweden, and Toolik Lake, Alaska). Fieldwork 2002. 2. Field and growth chamber studies of functional differences among ectomycorrhizal fungi and communities from Abisko and Toolik Lake. Fieldwork 2002. 3. Along a natural gradient, relationships between ECM communities and availability and uptake of different N forms will be examined under natural conditions. Fieldwork 2003-04.